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A standard can be defined as a set of rules, guidelines, or definitions, which is curated by a body, group, or organization that explains a repeatable, consistent, approved, and documented way of doing something. This is established to improve compatibility, competence, and efficacy. Standards also help in making processes and production simpler, reliable, and effective. There are different types of standards.

Explore the popular standards associated with the major industries and markets:
Industry Standards

Industry Standards

A set of criteria or specifications and guidelines for carrying out operations in their respective fields of production
Quality Management Standards

Quality Management Standards

Set or rules formed to create reliable products, deliver quality services and reduce product failures
Environmental Standards

Environmental Standards

Guidelines to run sustainable projects with lesser environmental impacts and reduced wastage
Energy Management Standards

Energy Management Standards

Guidelines to reduce energy consumption and rely on renewable sources reducing the environmental footprint

Server/Storage

This section addresses standards associated with server/storage applications. These define multiple parameters from data rates and performance of component devices to interconnect form factors.

PCI-SIG
Founded in 1992, The PCI-SIG or Peripheral Component Interconnect Special Interest Group is an electronics industry consortium responsible for specifying the Peripheral Component Interconnect, PCI-X, and PCI Express computer buses.
PCI SIG
SFF
Founded in 2007, the Small Form Factor Special Interest Group (SFF-SIG) is an international non-profit standards body of computer board and component manufacturers, focused on modular computer hardware technologies used in embedded and small form factor computers and controllers.
SFF SIG

Networking

Networking standards and protocols define technical requirements, specifications, and guidelines that are desirable for the exchange of information among connected devices in data communication.

IEEE
With over 423,000 members in about 160 countries IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) is the world's largest association of electrical and electronic engineers. It is known for its highly cited publications, conferences, technology standards, and professional and educational activities. IEEE defines standards for engineering, computing, and technology information which is accepted around the globe.
IEEE
OIF
Founded in 1998 the Optical Internetworking Forum (OIF) is a non-profit consortium that endorses development and deployment of interoperable computer networking products and services through Implementation Agreements (IAs) for optical networking products and component technologies. OIF creates standards, does interoperability testing, along with building market awareness, and promoting education for technologies, services and, solutions.
OIF
HiWire
The HiWire Consortium promotes the advancement and adoption of HiWire Active Electrical Cables (AECs) as an alternative to AOC and extension of copper to 400G and beyond. They define the standards for underlying electrical and mechanical specifications and contain options that may enable considerably different executions of the same functions.
HiWire

Optics

These standards are associated with optical networking products and component technologies, defining their norms, addressing compatibility through interoperability testing, building market awareness, and promoting education for technologies, services, and solutions.

T11
T11 is a Technical Committee of the International Committee on Information Technology Standards (INCITS). INCITS is accredited by, and operates under rules approved by, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). INCITS/T11 develops standards in the areas of Intelligent Peripheral Interface (IPI), High-Performance Parallel Interface (HIPPI), and Fibre Channel (FC).
T11
CMIS
This Common Management Interface Specification (CMIS) was developed to allow host and module software developers to use a common code base, across a variety of form factors and module capabilities, and to foster vendor-agnostic management for standardized module functions.
OIF
FCIA
The Fibre Channel Industry Association (FCIA) is a non-profit mutual benefit international organization of manufacturers, developers, vendors, system integrators, industry professionals and end-users. The FCIA focuses on Fibre Channel infrastructure technology that supports a wide array of applications within the mass storage and IT-based arenas. FCIA working groups and committees cater to specific aspects of the technology, associated with diverse markets including data storage, video, networking and storage area networking (SAN) management.
FCIA

Open System/Power

This section will include industry standards, MSAs, consortiums, and industry activities associated with open source systems, power, industrial embedded systems, and equipment.

OCP
The Open Compute Project is an organization that defines designs of data center products and best practices. The Open Compute Project Foundation (OCP) was initiated in 2011 with a mission to endorse the benefits of open source and open collaboration to hardware and promptly improve the pace of innovation in, near and around the data center.
OCP

Automotive

This section explains the major standards followed by the automotive industry, in terms of design, production, maintenance, and recovery of automobile components that provide a measure of uniformity, as well as tolerance to harsh environmental conditions.

ISO
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body constituting representatives from various national standards organizations. The expert members from over 160 countries share knowledge and develop voluntary, consensus-based, market relevant International Standards that support innovation and provide solutions to global challenges.
ISO
USCAR
USCAR (United States Council for Automotive Research LLC) is a collaborative automotive technology company. Founded in 1992, USCAR enables the legal collaboration of its members to create projects that address pre-competitive challenges and prospects in the automotive industry including areas like advanced propulsion, electrical & electronics, energy storage, hydrogen fuel cells, manufacturing, materials and safety.
USCAR

Industrial

Industrial standards are specifications that layout guidelines for the standard functioning and the carrying out of operations in commercial establishments in industrial manufacturing fields and outdoor/street settings.

Zhaga Consortium
Founded in February 2010, the Zhaga Consortium is an international organization, establishing industry specifications of interfaces for components used in LED luminaires. The Zhaga’s specifications are called Books and it addresses electrical, mechanical, optical, thermal and communication interfaces and allows the interoperability of components.
Zhaga
IEC
The International Electrotechnical Commission is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies, collectively known as "electrotechnology".
IEC
SPE
Single Pair Ethernet (SPE) describes Ethernet transmission through a single copper cable pair and also supports the simultaneous power supply of the end devices via PoDL (Power over Data Line). The SPE Industrial Partner Network actively participates in the committee work through its members. IEC 63171-6 is the universal standard for SPE.
SPE
ODVA
Founded in 1995 as Open DeviceNet Vendors Association, ODVA is a standard development organization and membership association of the world’s leading automation companies. The association targets to advance open, interoperable information and communication technologies in industrial automation. ODVA recognizes the Common Industrial Protocol or “CIP” and the network adaptations of CIP like EtherNet/IP, DeviceNet, CompoNet, and ControlNet as its core technology.
ODVA

Consumers

There are several standards that define the quality and reliability of consumer electronics. Find them explained in this section.

USB
Universal Serial Bus (USB) is an international industry standard that defines specifications for connectors, cables, and protocols for connection, communication, and interfacing power supply between computers, peripherals, and other such devices. A broad variety of USB hardware exists, including 14 different connector types.
USB
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